Umbilical cord
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  Umbilical cord



Umbilical cord

    A cord of tissue connecting the fetus to the placenta that carries oxygen and nutrients to the fetus and transports waste products away. At birth, an umbilical cord, which contains two arteries and one large vein, can be as long as 4 feet.

RELATED TERMS
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Cord
1. In anatomy, a long ropelike structure. 2. Short for the spinal cord or the umbilical cord.

Tissue
Biological tissue is a group of cells that perform a similar function.The study of tissues is known as histology, or, in connection with disease, histopathology.The classical tools for studying the tissues are the wax block, the tissue stain, and the optical microscope, though developments in electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and frozen sections have all added to the sum of knowledge in the last couple of decades.

Fetus
The stage of human development from 10 weeks' gestation until birth.

Placenta
Organ that grows in the uterus during pregnancy and connects the blood supplies of the mother and baby.

Oxygen
A chemical element essential for sustaining life.

Nutrients
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals provided by food and necessary for growth and the maintenance of life.

Arteries
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to the arms, legs, head, body and organs.

Vein
A blood vessel that carries blood from the body back into the heart.

Feet
The plural of foot, both an anatomic structure and a unit of measure. As an anatomic structure, the foot is the end of the leg on which a person normally stands and walks. The foot is a particularly complex structure made up of dozens of bones that work together with muscles and tendons to execute precise movements. The bones of the foot include the 10 metatarsal bones and the 28 phalanges (toe bones).



SIMILAR TERMS
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Umbilical hernia
A protrusion of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall around the belly button, usually manifested as a small bulge. Usually not serious and requiring no medical treatment.

Umbilicated
Marked by depressed spots resembling the umbilicus.

Umbilicus
The scar marking the site of entry of the umbilical cord into the fetus. It is inconspicuous in most domestic species.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Urgent
Anything non-life threatening.

Urinary incontinence
Loss of bladder control.

Urticaria
A skin condition, commonly known as hives, an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs.

Undifferentiated
Not having developed into a specialized cell or tissue type.

Unipotent stem cell
A stem cell that both divides and gives rise to a single mature cell type, such as a spermatogenic stem cell, which only gives rise to sperm.

Umbilical cord

Umbilical hernia
A protrusion of part of the intestine through a defect in the abdominal wall around the belly button, usually manifested as a small bulge. Usually not serious and requiring no medical treatment.

Undescended testicles
When one or both of the testes don't descend into the scrotum. Many times the condition corrects itself; other cases need to be surgically corrected so as not to lead to infertility or testicular cancer.

Universal birth number
An identification number assigned to a newborn by a state's office of vital statistics. Includes the date of birth, the area code of the birth site, and a registration number.

Ulcerated
Having a local defect or excavation of the epithelium of an organ or tissue through the basement membrane.

Umbilicated
Marked by depressed spots resembling the umbilicus.

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