Ulcerative colitis
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  Ulcerative colitis



Ulcerative colitis

    Inflammatory disease of unknown cause which involves the mucosa of the colon. Onset may be acute and fulminant, and its course often continues chronically in an intermittent or continuous form. Diarrhea is a common symptom and bleeding an almost constant concomitant symptom.

RELATED TERMS
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Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Mucosa
The membrane covering canals and cavities that open on the outside of the body, such as the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract. Also called mucous membrane.

Colon
Another name for the large intestine. The section of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum. An adult colon is approximately five to six feet in length and is responsible for absorbing water and forming, storing and expelling waste.

Acute
1. Of short course. 2. Severe, but of a short duration. Not chronic.

Diarrhea
Passage of excessively liquid or excessively frequent stools.

Symptom
A subjective manifestation of a pathological condition. Symptoms are reported by the affected individual rather than observed by the examiner.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Ulcer
A sore on the skin surface or on the stomach lining.

Ulcerated
Having a local defect or excavation of the epithelium of an organ or tissue through the basement membrane.

Ulceration
Break in the skin, usually on lower legs or fingers, related to poor circulation and blood pooling.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Urology
The study and treatment of diseases that affect the urinary system.

UCR
Usual, customary and reasonable fees.

Unerupted tooth
A tooth that has not pushed through the gum and assumed its correct position in the dental arch.

Usher's Syndrome
Characterized by a severe sensori-neural hearing loss at birth and followed by the development of RP. Usher’s syndrome is the leading cause of deaf-blindness. Occurs in about 1 in 33,000 births. However, in the deaf population about 1 in 50 have Usher’s syndrome. No treatment is available, but see RP.

Uveal tract
The entire vascular coat of the eye composed of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid.

Ulcerative colitis

Unresponsiveness
Inability to respond to antigenic stimulus. Unresponsiveness may be specific for a particular antigen (see tolerance), or broadly nonspecific as a result of damage to the entire immune system, for example after whole body irradiation.

Ulcer
A sore on the skin surface or on the stomach lining.

Ultrasonography
Using the reflections of high-frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth.

Upper GI endoscopy
Looking into the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum with an endoscope. See also endoscopy.

Upper GI series
X-rays of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The patient swallows barium first. Barium makes the organs show up on x-rays. Also called barium meal.

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