Rabies
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  Rabies



Rabies

    An acute infectious disease of the central nervous system affecting almost all mammals, including humans. It is caused by a rhabdovirus and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, vampire bat, mongoose, skunk, wolf, raccoon, and fox.

RELATED TERMS
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Acute
1. Of short course. 2. Severe, but of a short duration. Not chronic.

Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Central
In anatomy and medicine (as elsewhere), central is the opposite of "peripheral" which means away from the center.

Saliva
Clear lubricating fluid in the mouth containing water, enzymes, bacteria, mucus, viruses, blood cells and undigested food particles.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Rods
The rods are the visual cells of the retina that are important for night vision and peripheral vision. The rods are the first affected in rod-cone degenerations such as RP.

Ranidae
The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.

Ranide
Veterinary anthelmintic for grazing animals; used to treat fluke, hookworm and other infestations.

Ruminant
A suborder of the order Artiodactyla whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.

Ruminantia
A suborder of the order Artiodactyla whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.

Rabies

Repetitive strain injury
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.

Restless legs
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep. Complying with an irresistible urge to move the affected limbs brings temporary relief. Sleep may become disrupted, resulting in excessive daytime hypersomnolence. This condition may be associated with uremia; diabetes; and rheumatoid arthritis. Restless Legs Syndrome differs from nocturnal myoclonus syndrome in that in the lattercondition the individual does not report adverse sensory stimuli and it is primarly a sleep-associated movement disorder.

Rosacea
An acneiform eruption occurring mostly in middle-aged adults and appearing generally on the forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin. Three types are recognized: granulomatous, glandular hyperplastic with rhinophyma, and ocular.

Radioallergosorbent test (RAST)
A solid-phase radioimmunoassay for detecting IgE antibody specific for a particular allergen.

Radioimmunoassay (RIA)
A widely used technique for measurement of primary antigen-antibody interactions, and for the determination of the level of important biological substances in mixed samples. It takes advantage of the specificity of the antigen-antibody interaction and the sensitivity that derives from measurement of radioactively labelled materials.

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