Pancreas Transplant
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  Pancreas Transplant



Pancreas Transplant

   A surgical procedure that involves replacing the pancreas of a person who has diabetes with a healthy pancreas that can make insulin. The healthy pancreas comes from a donor who has just died or from a living relative. A person can donate half a pancreas and still live normally. |At present, pancreas transplants are usually performed in persons with Type 1 diabetes who have severe complications. This is because after the transplant the patient must take immunosuppressive drugs that are highly toxic and may cause damage to the body.

RELATED TERMS
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Pancreas
A large, elongated gland located behind the lower portion of the stomach that secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon into the blood. These hormones are essential in regulating blood sugar levels. The pancreas also secretes enzymes into the small intestine that help with digestion and neutralize acid from the stomach.

Diabetes
A condition in which blood glucose is not well controlled. Type I diabetics make no insulin, whereas type 2 diabetics are characterized by the overproduction of insulin, but the inability of the target cells to respond to the insulin.

Insulin
The hormone that drives incoming nutrients into cells for storage. Excess insulin is the primary pillar of aging.

Donor
A person who gives an organ, tissue or blood to another person. A compatible donor is a person who has the same tissue and blood types as the person who receives the organ, tissue or blood.

Drugs
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.

Toxic
Poisonous.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Pancreas
A large, elongated gland located behind the lower portion of the stomach that secretes the hormones insulin and glucagon into the blood. These hormones are essential in regulating blood sugar levels. The pancreas also secretes enzymes into the small intestine that help with digestion and neutralize acid from the stomach.

Pancreatectomy
A procedure in which a surgeon takes out the pancreas.

Pancreatitis
Irritation of the pancreas that can make it stop working; most often caused by gallstones or alcohol abuse.

Pancuronium
Pancuronium is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): pancuronium bromide.

Pancuronium bromide
Pancuronium bromide is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): pancuronium bromide.

Pancytopenia
Pronounced reduction in the number of erythrocytes, all types of white blood cells, and the blood platelets in the circulating blood.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Pulmonary embolism
Blockage of one or more of the pulmonary arteries by a blood clot.

Psychokinesis (PK, cryptokinesis, telekinesis, telergy)
Alleged production or control of motion, or influencing of an event, mentally, without the use of bodily mechanisms. The word "telekinesis" implies involvement of the occult.

Psychospiritual
Pertaining to mental health and spirituality.

Psychotherapy (psychotherapeutics, therapy)
Treatment of illness--particularly mental and emotional disorders--or "adjustment" problems mainly with psychological techniques. Its major categories are individual psychotherapy and group psychotherapy. Psychotherapy ranges from specialistic therapy to informal conversations, and from science-oriented techniques (e.g., rational-emotive therapy [RET]) to quackery, applied pop psychology, religious counseling, and methods akin to mesmerism. Psychotherapists include clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, "counselors," psychiatric nurses, and psychiatrists.

P.T.
Physical Therapist.

Pancreas Transplant

Pancreatectomy
A procedure in which a surgeon takes out the pancreas.

Peak Action
The time period when the effect of something is as strong as it can be such as when insulin in having the most effect on lowering the glucose (sugar) in the blood.

Pediatric Endocrinologist
A doctor who sees and treats children with problems of the endocrine glands; diabetes is an endocrine disorder. |See also: Endocrine glands.

Periodontal Disease
Damage to the gums. People who have diabetes are more likely to have gum disease than people who do not have diabetes.

Peripheral Neuropathy
Nerve damage, usually affecting the feet and legs; causing pain, numbness, or a tingling feeling. Also called "somatic neuropathy" or "distal sensory polyneuropathy." |See also: Neuropathy

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