Lactose intolerance
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  Lactose intolerance



Lactose intolerance

    Inability to digest lactose, the sugar in milk. This condition occurs because the body does not produce the lactase enzyme.

RELATED TERMS
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Lactose
The sugar found in milk. The body breaks lactose down into galactose and glucose.

Sugar
A class of carbohydrates that taste sweet. Sugar is a quick and easy fuel for the body to use. Types of sugar are lactose, glucose, fructose, and sucrose.

Condition
The term "condition" has a number of biomedical meanings including the following: 1.An unhealthy state, such as in "this is a progressive condition." 2.A state of fitness, such as "getting into condition." 3.Something that is essential to the occurrence of something else; essentially a "precondition." 4.As a verb: to cause a change in something so that a response that was previously associated with a certain stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus; to condition a person, as in behavioral conditioning.

Lactase
An enzyme in the small intestine needed to digest milk sugar (lactose).

Enzyme
A cellular protein whose shape allows it to hold together several other molecules in close proximity to each other. In this way, enzymes are able to induce chemical reactions in other substances with little expenditure of energy and without being changed themselves. Basically, an enzyme acts as a catalyst.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Lactase
An enzyme in the small intestine needed to digest milk sugar (lactose).

Lactase deficiency
Lack of the lactase enzyme. Causes lactose intolerance.

Lactated ringers and dextrose 5 per cent in plastic container
Lactated ringers and dextrose 5 per cent in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; dextrose; potassium chloride; sodium chloride; sodium lactate.

Lactated ringers in plastic container
Lactated ringers in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; potassium chloride; sodium chloride; sodium lactate .

Lactation
The secretion of milk from the breasts; the period of suckling the young until weaning.

Lactation specialists
Individuals trained in the assistance of breastfeeding. Many are RNs or have a special certificate to aid new mothers.

Lactic Acidosis
The buildup of lactic acid in the body. The cells make lactic acid when they use glucose (sugar) for energy. If too much lactic acid stays in the body, the balance tips and the person begins to feel ill. The signs of lactic acidosis are deep and rapid breathing, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Lactic acidosis may be caused by diabetic ketoacidosis or liver or kidney disease. Lactic acidosis is also a rare side effect of a diabetes medication called metformin.

Lactogenic hormone
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk from the mammary glands.

Lactose
The sugar found in milk. The body breaks lactose down into galactose and glucose.

Lactose tolerance test
A test for lactase deficiency.

Lactulose
Lactulose is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): lactulose.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Lust murderism
The very rare condition in which a person is dependent on sadistic homicide of the partner, or the restaging of it in fantasy, in order to obtain erotic arousal and facilitate or achieve orgasm. Recorded cases are either heterosexual or homosexual, but not bisexual. The converse condition is the masochistic staging of one's own murder (autoassassinatophilia).

Labor contractions
Rhythmic tightening of the muscular wall of the uterus to push the fetus down through the vagina during childbirth.

Lactase
An enzyme in the small intestine needed to digest milk sugar (lactose).

Lactase deficiency
Lack of the lactase enzyme. Causes lactose intolerance.

Lactose
The sugar found in milk. The body breaks lactose down into galactose and glucose.

Lactose intolerance

Lactose tolerance test
A test for lactase deficiency.

Laparoscope
A thin tube with a tiny video camera attached. Used to look inside the body and see the surface of organs. See also endoscope.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
An operation to remove the gallbladder. The doctor inserts a laparoscope (see above) and other surgical instruments through small holes in the abdomen. The camera allows the doctor to see the gallbladder on a television screen. The doctor removes the gallbladder through the holes.

Laparoscopic lymphadenectomy
The removal of pelvic lymph nodes with a laparoscope.

Laparoscopy
A test that uses a laparoscope to look at and take tissue from the inside of the body.

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