Lactic Acidosis
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  Lactic Acidosis



Lactic Acidosis

   The buildup of lactic acid in the body. The cells make lactic acid when they use glucose (sugar) for energy. If too much lactic acid stays in the body, the balance tips and the person begins to feel ill. The signs of lactic acidosis are deep and rapid breathing, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Lactic acidosis may be caused by diabetic ketoacidosis or liver or kidney disease. Lactic acidosis is also a rare side effect of a diabetes medication called metformin.

RELATED TERMS
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Glucose
The only simple carbohydrate that circulates in the bloodstream. Glucose is the primary fuel used by the brain. It can also be stored in the liver and muscles in a polymer form known as glycogen.

Balance
A biological system that enables us to know where our bodies are in the environment and to maintain a desired position. Normal balance depends on information from the inner ear, other senses (such as sight and touch) and muscle movement.

Acidosis
An abnormal condition in the body in which excessive acid lowers the pH of the blood and body tissues.

Deep
In anatomy, away from the surface or further into the body. As opposed to superficial. The bones are deep to the skin.

Breathing
The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through the mouth or nose due to muscle contraction, and then exhaled due to muscle relaxation.

Vomiting
The release of stomach contents through the mouth.

Abdominal
Relating to the abdomen, the belly, that part of the body that contains all of the structures between the chest and the pelvis. The abdomen is separated anatomically from the chest by the diaphragm, the powerful muscle spanning the body cavity below the lungs. The abdomen includes a host of organs including the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, appendix, gallbladder, and bladder. The word "abdomen" has a curious story behind it. It comes from the Latin "abdodere", to hide. The idea was that whatever was eaten was hidden in the abdomen.

Pain
An unpleasant sensory or emotional experience primarily associated with tissue damage, or described in terms of tissue damage, or both.

Diabetic
Pertaining to Diabetes. Patient suffering from this condition.

Liver
The largest organ in the body. The liver carries out many important functions, such as making bile, changing food into energy, and cleaning alcohol and poisons from the blood.

Kidney
One of the paired organs that excrete urine. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs (about 11 cm long, 5 cm wide, and 3 cm thick) lying on either side of the vertebral column, posterior to the peritoneum, about opposite the twelfth thoracic and first three lumbar vertebrae.

Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Diabetes
A condition in which blood glucose is not well controlled. Type I diabetics make no insulin, whereas type 2 diabetics are characterized by the overproduction of insulin, but the inability of the target cells to respond to the insulin.

Metformin
A drug used as a treatment for Type 2 diabetes; belongs to a class of drugs called biguanides.|See also: Oral hypoglycemic agents.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Lactase
An enzyme in the small intestine needed to digest milk sugar (lactose).

Lactase deficiency
Lack of the lactase enzyme. Causes lactose intolerance.

Lactated ringers and dextrose 5 per cent in plastic container
Lactated ringers and dextrose 5 per cent in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; dextrose; potassium chloride; sodium chloride; sodium lactate.

Lactated ringers in plastic container
Lactated ringers in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; potassium chloride; sodium chloride; sodium lactate .

Lactation
The secretion of milk from the breasts; the period of suckling the young until weaning.

Lactation specialists
Individuals trained in the assistance of breastfeeding. Many are RNs or have a special certificate to aid new mothers.

Lactogenic hormone
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk from the mammary glands.

Lactose
The sugar found in milk. The body breaks lactose down into galactose and glucose.

Lactose intolerance
Inability to digest lactose, the sugar in milk. This condition occurs because the body does not produce the lactase enzyme.

Lactose tolerance test
A test for lactase deficiency.

Lactulose
Lactulose is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): lactulose.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Longitudinal study
Investigation in which data are collected from a number of subjects over a long period of time.

L.Ac. (Lic.Ac.)
Licensed Acupuncturist.

Laying on of hands
Contact healing.

Life energy
See "vital force."

L.M.T.
Licensed Massage Therapist.

Lactic Acidosis

Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA)
Autoimmune diabetes (Type 1A diabetes) occurring in individuals who are older than the usual age of onset of type 1 diabetes (that is, over 30 years of age at diagnosis). Sometimes, patients with LADA are mistakenly thought to have Type 2 diabetes, based on their age at the time of diagnosis. However, positive antibody tests would help make the diagnosis of LADA.

Lancet
A fine, sharp-pointed blade or needle for pricking the skin. |See Lancets and Lancing Devices for a discussion and review of several lancets currently available.

Laser Treatment
Using a special strong beam of light of one color (laser) to heal a damaged area. A person with diabetes might be treated with a laser beam to heal blood vessels in the eye.

Latent Diabetes
Former term for impaired glucose tolerance.

Lente Insulin
A type of insulin that is intermediate-acting.

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