Lactation
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  Lactation



Lactation

    The secretion of milk from the breasts; the period of suckling the young until weaning.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Lactase
An enzyme in the small intestine needed to digest milk sugar (lactose).

Lactase deficiency
Lack of the lactase enzyme. Causes lactose intolerance.

Lactated ringers and dextrose 5 per cent in plastic container
Lactated ringers and dextrose 5 per cent in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; dextrose; potassium chloride; sodium chloride; sodium lactate.

Lactated ringers in plastic container
Lactated ringers in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): calcium chloride; potassium chloride; sodium chloride; sodium lactate .

Lactation specialists
Individuals trained in the assistance of breastfeeding. Many are RNs or have a special certificate to aid new mothers.

Lactic Acidosis
The buildup of lactic acid in the body. The cells make lactic acid when they use glucose (sugar) for energy. If too much lactic acid stays in the body, the balance tips and the person begins to feel ill. The signs of lactic acidosis are deep and rapid breathing, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Lactic acidosis may be caused by diabetic ketoacidosis or liver or kidney disease. Lactic acidosis is also a rare side effect of a diabetes medication called metformin.

Lactogenic hormone
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk from the mammary glands.

Lactose
The sugar found in milk. The body breaks lactose down into galactose and glucose.

Lactose intolerance
Inability to digest lactose, the sugar in milk. This condition occurs because the body does not produce the lactase enzyme.

Lactose tolerance test
A test for lactase deficiency.

Lactulose
Lactulose is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) approved in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): lactulose.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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L chain
The light chain of immunoglobulin is a structural feature that occurs in two forms: kappa and lambda.

Linkage disequilibrium
The frequency, in a population of linked genes, which is governed by factors other than change.

Lymphokines
Soluble substances secreted by lymphocytes, which have a variety of effects on lymphocytes and other cell types.

Labia
In the female sex organs the outside lips (labia majora) and the inside lips (labia minora) that converge to cover the clitoris with the clitoral hood. Singular: labium.

Labioscrotal
Formed and looking like female labia that, instead of being completely separated, are partially fused to resemble a scrotum; or are like a divided scrotum that resembles labia.

Lactation

Lactogenic hormone
The pituitary hormone that stimulates the production of milk from the mammary glands.

Laparotomy
Surgical incision through the flank or loin or, less precisely, the abdominal wall, as for the purpose of exploring the morphology of the internal reproductive organs.

Lekking
A mating ritual, relatively rare among species, in which at the beginning of the mating season males assemble on the mating ground or lek and wait until they are visited by females and selected for mating. 2. A mating ritual, relatively rare among species, in which at the beginning of each mating season males assemble on the same site in the same mating ground or lek and wait to be visited by females and possibly selected for copulation.

Lesbian
Female homosexual, named after the Aegian island, Lesbos, whence came the homosexual woman poet, Sappho, of ancient Greece. There is no corresponding eponym for a homosexual or gay male.

Leydig cells
In the testes, the hormone-producing cells that are packed in like bunches of grapes between the seminiferous tubules in which sperms are produced.; the interstital cells in the testes that produce testosterone; they are packed between the seminiferous tubules in which the sperms grow.

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