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  FTA-ABS test



FTA-ABS test

   FTA-ABS stands for fluorescent treponemal antibody absorbed, a blood serum screening test for syphilis designed to demonstrate the presence or absence of specific antibodies directed against the organism (Treponema pallidum) responsible for syphilis.

RELATED TERMS
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Antibody
An infection-fighting protein molecule in blood or secretory fluids that tags, neutralizes, and helps destroy pathogenic microorganisms (eg, bacteria, viruses) or toxins. Antibodies, known generally as immunoglobulins, are made and secreted by B-lymphocytes in response to stimulation by antigens. Each specific antibody binds only to the specific antigen that stimulated its production.

Blood
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.

Serum
The fluid portion of the blood. It is essentially similar in composition to plasma but lacks fibrinogen and other substances that are used in the coagulation (blood clotting) process.

Screening
Testing for disease in people without symptoms.

Syphilis
A sexually transmitted disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum.

Antibodies
Proteins produced by white blood cells. They confer immunity.

Organism
A living thing, such as an animal, a plant, a bacterium, or a fungus.



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Frey syndrome
Sweating on one side of the forehead, face, scalp, and neck occurring soon after ingesting food as a result of damage to a nerve that goes to the large saliva gland in the cheek (the parotid gland).

Fridayitis
A perplexing condition that suddenly strikes some workers and students on Friday and leads to their absence that day from work or school.

Frontal
In anatomy, pertaining to the forehead. As, for example, the frontal bone, frontal sinus, and frontal nerve.

Frontal bone
The large bone that makes up the forehead and supplies the upper edge and roof of the orbit (eye socket).

Frontal lobe
The part of each hemisphere of the brain located behind the forehead that serves to regulate and mediate the higher intellectual functions. The frontal lobes have intricate connections to other areas of the brain. In the frontal lobes, we meld emotions, cognition, error detection, volition, a sense of self, and more to create our social brain.

FTA-ABS test

FTT
Failure to thrive. Refers to a child whose physical growth is significantly less than that of peers. There is no official consensus on what constitutes FTT. It usually refers to a child whose growth is below the 3rd or 5th percentiles for their age or whose growth has fallen off precipitously and crossed two major growth percentiles (for example, from above the 75th percentile to below the 25th percentile).

Fugue state
An altered state of consciousness in which a person may move about purposely and even speak but is not fully aware. A fugue state is usually a type of complex partial seizure.

Full gene sequence
The complete order of bases in a gene. This order determines which protein a gene will produce.

Functional food
Functional foods are "those foods that encompass potentially healthful products including any modified food or ingredient that may provide a health benefit beyond the traditional nutrients it contains," as defined by the Institute of Medicine. Functional foods can include foods like cereals, breads and beverages which are fortified with vitamins, herbs and nutraceuticals.

Functional gene test
Test for a specific protein which indicates that the corresponding gene is not only present but active.

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