Ear, internal
Health dictionary
Untitled Document
Search :      

Art dictionary
Financial dictionary
Hollywood dictionary
Insurance dictionary
Literature dictionary
Real Estate dictionary
Tourism dictionary

 
  Ear, internal



Ear, internal

   There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the internal ear. The internal ear is far and away the most highly complex. The essential component of the internal ear for hearing is the membranous labyrinth where the fibers of the auditory nerve (the nerve connecting the ear to the brain) end. The membranous labyrinth is a system of communicating sacs and ducts (tubes) filled with fluid (the endolymph). The membranous labyrinth is lodged within a cavity called the bony labyrinth. At some points the membranous labyrinth is attached to the bony labyrinth and at other points the membranous labyrinth is suspended in a fluid (the perilymph) within the bony labyrinth. The bony labyrinth has three parts: a central cavity (the vestibule), semicircular canals (which open into the vestibule) and the cochlea (a snail-shaped spiral tube). The membranous labyrinth also has a vestibule which consists of two sacs (called the utriculus and sacculus) connected by a narrow tube. The utriculus, the larger of the two sacs, is the principal organ of the vestibular system (which informs us about the position and movement of the head). The smaller of the two sacs, the sacculus (literally, the little sac) is connected with a membranous tube in the cochlea containing the organ of Corti. It is in the organ of Corti that are situated the hair cells, the special sensory receptors for hearing. The internal ear is also called the inner ear.

RELATED TERMS
--------------------------------------

Ear
The hearing organ. There are three sections of the ear, according to the anatomy textbooks. They are the outer ear (the part we see along the sides of our head behind the temples), the middle ear, and the inner ear. But in terms of function, the ear has four parts: those three and the brain. Hearing thus involves all parts of the ear as well as the auditory cortex of the brain. The external ear helps concentrate the vibrations of air on the ear drum and make it vibrate. These vibrations are transmitted by a chain of little bones in the middle ear to the inner ear. There they stimulate the fibers of the auditory nerve to transmit impulses to the brain.

Essential
1. Something that cannot be done without. 2. Required in the diet, because the body cannot make it. As in an essential amino acid or an essential fatty acid. 3. Idiopathic. As in essential hypertension.

Hearing
The sensation of sound.

Labyrinth
The system of interconnecting canals and cavities in the inner ear. Plays an important role in hearing and in balance.

Nerve
Tissue that conveys sensation, temperature, position information to the brain.

Cavity
A hollow place or hole within the body.

Central
In anatomy and medicine (as elsewhere), central is the opposite of "peripheral" which means away from the center.

Cochlea
The portion of the inner ear that senses sound.

Vestibule
That portion of the vulva which is bounded anteriorly by the clitoral glans and prepuce (clitoral hood), posteriorly by the perineum, and laterally by the exterior margins of the labia minora, and containing the opening anteriorly of the urethral meatus and posteriorly of the introitus of the vagina.

Organ
A structural unit of an animal or plant that serves a specific function.

Vestibular
Pertaining to or toward a vestibule. In dental anatomy, used to refer to the tooth surface directed toward the vestibule of the mouth.

Hair
A modification of the epidermis found on almost every surface of the body except the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and the glans penis. It is a filament of KERATIN consisting of a shaft, a root, and a point.

Receptors
Areas on the outer part of a cell that allow the cell to join or bind with insulin that is in the blood.



SIMILAR TERMS
--------------------------------------

Ear, cauliflower
An acquired deformity of the external ear to which wrestlers and boxers are particularly vulnerable.

Ear, external
There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The external ear looks complicated but it is functionally the simplest part of the ear. It consists of the pinna or auricle (the visible projecting portion of the ear), the external acoustic meatus (the outside opening to the ear canal), and the external ear canal that leads to the ear drum. In sum, there is the pinna, the meatus and the canal. And the external ear has only to concentrate air vibrations on the ear drum and make the drum vibrate. The external ear is also called the outer ear.

Ear, foreign object in
A foreign object in the external ear canal. Foreign objects are often placed in the ear by young children or by accident while trying to clean or scratch the ear. There is often an accompanying external ear infection.

Ear, inner
There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The inner ear is far and away the most highly complex. The essential component of the inner ear for hearing is the membranous labyrinth where the fibers of the auditory nerve (the nerve connecting the ear to the brain) end. The membranous labyrinth is a system of communicating sacs and ducts (tubes) filled with fluid (the endolymph). The membranous labyrinth is lodged within a cavity called the bony labyrinth. At some points the membranous labyrinth is attached to the bony labyrinth and at other points the membranous labyrinth is suspended in a fluid (the perilymph) within the bony labyrinth. The bony labyrinth has three parts: a central cavity (the vestibule), semicircular canals (which open into the vestibule) and the cochlea (a snail-shaped spiral tube). The membranous labyrinth also has a vestibule which consists of two sacs (called the utriculus and sacculus) connected by a narrow tube. The larger of the two sacs, the utriculus, is the principal organ of the vestibular system or system of balance. This system informs us about the position and movement of the head. The smaller of the two sacs, the sacculus, is also connected by membranous tube to the cochlea that contains the organ of Corti. The hair cells, which are the special sensory receptors for hearing, are found within the organ of Corti. The inner ear is also called the internal ear.

Ear, low-set
A minor anomaly involving an ear situated down below its normal location. Technically, the ear is low-set when the helix (of the ear) meets the cranium at a level below that of a horizontal plane through both inner canthi (the inside corners of the eyes). The presence of 2 or more minor anomalies in a child increases the probability that the child has a major malformation.

Ear, outer
There are three sections of the ear. They are the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The outer ear looks complicated but it is functionally the simplest part of the ear. It consists of the pinna or auricle (the visible projecting portion of the ear), the external acoustic meatus (the outside opening to the ear canal), and the external ear canal that leads to the ear drum. In sum, there is the pinna, the meatus and the canal. The outer ear concentrates air vibrations on the ear drum and makes the drum vibrate. The outer ear is also called the external ear.

Ear, slanted
An ear that is slanted more than usual. Technically, an ear is slanted when the angle of the slope of the auricle is more than 15 degrees from the perpendicular. Also called a malrotated ear Considered a minor anomaly. The presence of 2 or more minor anomalies in a child increases the probability that the child has a major malformation.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

Ear wax
A natural wax-like substance secreted by special glands in the skin on the outer part of the ear canal. It repels water, and traps dust and sand particles. Usually a small amount of wax accumulates, and then dries up and falls out of the ear canal carrying with it unwanted particles. Ear wax is helpful in normal amounts and serves to coat the skin of the ear canal where it acts as a temporary water repellent. The absence of ear wax may result in dry, itchy ears, and even infection. There are two types of ear wax: wet and dry. Most whites and blacks have the wet type while most Asians and Native Americans have the dry type. The gene for wet ear wax on chromosome 16 appears to predispose to breast cancer.

Ear, cauliflower
An acquired deformity of the external ear to which wrestlers and boxers are particularly vulnerable.

Ear, external
There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The external ear looks complicated but it is functionally the simplest part of the ear. It consists of the pinna or auricle (the visible projecting portion of the ear), the external acoustic meatus (the outside opening to the ear canal), and the external ear canal that leads to the ear drum. In sum, there is the pinna, the meatus and the canal. And the external ear has only to concentrate air vibrations on the ear drum and make the drum vibrate. The external ear is also called the outer ear.

Ear, foreign object in
A foreign object in the external ear canal. Foreign objects are often placed in the ear by young children or by accident while trying to clean or scratch the ear. There is often an accompanying external ear infection.

Ear, inner
There are three sections of the ear. They are the external ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The inner ear is far and away the most highly complex. The essential component of the inner ear for hearing is the membranous labyrinth where the fibers of the auditory nerve (the nerve connecting the ear to the brain) end. The membranous labyrinth is a system of communicating sacs and ducts (tubes) filled with fluid (the endolymph). The membranous labyrinth is lodged within a cavity called the bony labyrinth. At some points the membranous labyrinth is attached to the bony labyrinth and at other points the membranous labyrinth is suspended in a fluid (the perilymph) within the bony labyrinth. The bony labyrinth has three parts: a central cavity (the vestibule), semicircular canals (which open into the vestibule) and the cochlea (a snail-shaped spiral tube). The membranous labyrinth also has a vestibule which consists of two sacs (called the utriculus and sacculus) connected by a narrow tube. The larger of the two sacs, the utriculus, is the principal organ of the vestibular system or system of balance. This system informs us about the position and movement of the head. The smaller of the two sacs, the sacculus, is also connected by membranous tube to the cochlea that contains the organ of Corti. The hair cells, which are the special sensory receptors for hearing, are found within the organ of Corti. The inner ear is also called the internal ear.

Ear, internal

Ear, low-set
A minor anomaly involving an ear situated down below its normal location. Technically, the ear is low-set when the helix (of the ear) meets the cranium at a level below that of a horizontal plane through both inner canthi (the inside corners of the eyes). The presence of 2 or more minor anomalies in a child increases the probability that the child has a major malformation.

Ear, outer
There are three sections of the ear. They are the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. The outer ear looks complicated but it is functionally the simplest part of the ear. It consists of the pinna or auricle (the visible projecting portion of the ear), the external acoustic meatus (the outside opening to the ear canal), and the external ear canal that leads to the ear drum. In sum, there is the pinna, the meatus and the canal. The outer ear concentrates air vibrations on the ear drum and makes the drum vibrate. The outer ear is also called the external ear.

Ear, slanted
An ear that is slanted more than usual. Technically, an ear is slanted when the angle of the slope of the auricle is more than 15 degrees from the perpendicular. Also called a malrotated ear Considered a minor anomaly. The presence of 2 or more minor anomalies in a child increases the probability that the child has a major malformation.

Eardrum
The tympanic membrane of the ear, or tympanum, the membrane that separates the middle ear from the external ear.

Eastern equine encephalitis
Abbreviated EEE. A mosquito-born viral disease. The EEE virus normally is found in freshwater swamp birds and mosquitoes that do not bite people. However, the virus is occasionally transmitted to other types of mosquitoes capable of biting horses and people. The risk of contracting EEE is highest in mid-to-late summer. The mosquitoes are killed by frost.

   We thank you for using the Health Dictionary to search for Ear, internal. If you have a better definition for Ear, internal than the one presented here, please let us know by making use of the suggest a term option. This definition of Ear, internal may be disputed by other professionals. Our attempt is to provide easy definitions on Ear, internal and any other medical topic for the public at large.
 
This dictionary contains 59020 terms.      









  
                    © Health Dictionary 2005 - All rights reserved -

   ear,internal / ar, internal / er, internal / ea, internal / ear internal / ear,internal / ear, nternal / ear, iternal / ear, inernal / ear, intrnal / ear, intenal / ear, interal / ear, internl / ear, interna / eear, internal / eaar, internal / earr, internal / ear,, internal / ear, internal / ear, iinternal / ear, innternal / ear, intternal / ear, inteernal / ear, interrnal / ear, internnal / ear, internaal / ear, internall / 3ar, internal / 4ar, internal / rar, internal / far, internal / dar, internal / sar, internal / war, internal / eqr, internal / ewr, internal / esr, internal / exr, internal / ezr, internal / ea4, internal / ea5, internal / eat, internal / eag, internal / eaf, internal / ead, internal / eae, internal / ea3, internal / ear, nternal / ear, ibternal / ear, ihternal / ear, ijternal / ear, imternal / ear, i ternal / ear, in5ernal / ear, in6ernal / ear, inyernal / ear, inhernal / ear, ingernal / ear, infernal / ear, inrernal / ear, in4ernal / ear, int3rnal / ear, int4rnal / ear, intrrnal / ear, intfrnal / ear, intdrnal / ear, intsrnal / ear, intwrnal / ear, inte4nal / ear, inte5nal / ear, intetnal / ear, integnal / ear, intefnal / ear, intednal / ear, inteenal / ear, inte3nal / ear, interbal / ear, interhal / ear, interjal / ear, intermal / ear, inter al / ear, internql / ear, internwl / ear, internsl / ear, internxl / ear, internzl / ear, internao / ear, internap / ear, interna; / ear, interna. / ear, interna, / ear, internak / ear, internai /