Cafe au lait spot
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  Cafe au lait spot



Cafe au lait spot

   A flat spot on the skin that is the color of coffee with milk (café au lait) in persons with light skin, or a darker appearance (café noir) than the surrounding skin in persons with dark skin. About 10% of the general population have café au lait spots, and they can be removed with a Yag laser. Café au lait spots are in themselves harmless, but in some cases they may be a sign of neurofibromatosis. The presence of 6 or more café au lait spots each of which is 1.5 centimeters or more in diameter is diagnostic of neurofibromatosis. Conversely, most people with neurofibromatosis who are at least 5 years old have 6 or more café au lait spots 1.5 centimeters or more in diameter.

RELATED TERMS
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Skin
Skin is an organ of the integumentary system; which is composed of a layer of tissues that protect underlying muscles and organs. Skin is used for insulation, vitamin D production, sensation, and excretion (through sweat).

Laser
An acronym of light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A surgical tool that creates intense heat and power when focused at close range, destroying cells by vaporizing them.

Sign
An objective manifestation of a pathological condition. Signs are observed by the examiner rather than reported by the affected individual.

Neurofibromatosis
An inherited disorder that causes dark spots on the skin and tumors of the skin, peripheral, optic and acoustic nerves.

Diagnostic
Pertaining to a diagnosis; usually refers to a characteristic or criteria which is critical for a specific diagnosis.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Cafe au lait spots
Irregularly shaped, permanent tan or light brown flat birthmark patches. More than a few large spots may indicate neurofibromatosis, a genetic disorder, so if your baby has them, tell his doctor.

Cafe Wall illusion
Although the lines composing the image are parallel, they do not appear to be.

Cafergot
A medication used in the prevention of vascular headaches, e.g. migraines. It is based in ergotamine tartrate and caffeine.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Caecal
Pertaining to the caecum (also spelled cecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.

Caecum
The caecum (also spelled cecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.

Caesarian section
Also referred to as a C-section. A procedure in which a baby, rather than being born vaginally, is surgically extracted (removed) from the uterus.

Caesarian section, lower segment
A Caesarian section in which the surgical incision is made in the lower segment of the uterus. Abbreviated LSCS.

Caesarian section, vaginal birth after
It was once the rule that after a C-section, the next delivery also had to be by C-section. Now vaginal delivery after Caesarian section (VBAC) is frequently feasible.

Cafe au lait spot

Cage, rib
The structure formed by the thoracic vertebrae and ribs, the sternum (breastbone), and the costal cartilages (that attach the ribs to the sternum).

Cage, thoracic
The structure formed by the thoracic vertebrae and ribs, the sternum (breastbone), and the costal cartilages (that attach the ribs to the sternum).

Calamine
An astringent made from zinc carbonate or zinc oxide, usually used in lotion form to treat skin problems that cause itching or discomfort.

Calcaneal spur
A bony spur projecting from the back or underside of the heel bone (the calcaneus) that often makes walking painful. A calcaneal spur is also called a heel spur.

Calcaneocuboid joint
The calcaneocuboid joint is located in the foot between the calcaneus bone (the heel bone) and the cuboid bone (a bone shaped like a cube just in front of the calcaneus).

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