Cadaver
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  Cadaver



Cadaver

   A dead human body that may be used by physicians and other scientists to study anatomy, identify disease sites, determine causes of death, and provide tissue to repair a defect in a living human being. Students in medical schools study and dissect cadavers as part of their education.

RELATED TERMS
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Anatomy
The study of form. Gross anatomy involves structures that can be seen with the naked eye. It is as opposed to microscopic anatomy (or histology) which involves structures seen under the microscope.

Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Death
1. The end of life. The cessation of life. (These common definitions of death ultimately depend upon the definition of life, upon which there is no consensus.) 2. The permanent cessation of all vital bodily functions. (This definition depends upon the definition of "vital bodily functions.") See: Vital bodily functions. 3. The common law standard for determining death is the cessation of all vital functions, traditionally demonstrated by "an absence of spontaneous respiratory and cardiac functions." 4. The uniform determination of death.

Tissue
Biological tissue is a group of cells that perform a similar function.The study of tissues is known as histology, or, in connection with disease, histopathology.The classical tools for studying the tissues are the wax block, the tissue stain, and the optical microscope, though developments in electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and frozen sections have all added to the sum of knowledge in the last couple of decades.

Medical
Pertaining to Medicine.

Dissect
To cut apart or separate tissue as, for example, for anatomical study or in surgery. Also, an artery is said to dissect when its wall is torn, as in a dissecting aneurysm.

Education
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.



SIMILAR TERMS
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CADASIL
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.

Cadaver wart
A warty growth on the hand due to tuberculosis, typically of someone doing postmortem examinations. A cadaver with unsuspected tuberculosis was once a major hazard for pathologists and others in the autopsy room. Cadaver warts were among the least of the dangers.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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CABG
Coronary artery bypass graft; and Coronary artery bypass grafting.

Cachectic
Having cachexia, physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to disease. Patients with advanced cancer, AIDS, and some other major chronic progressive diseases may appear cachectic.

Cachetic
Common misspelling of cachectic.

CAD
Coronary artery disease. CAD is a major cause of illness and death. It begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery. These arteries arise from the aorta adjacent to the heart and supply the heart muscle with blood that is rich in oxygen. They are called the coronary arteries because they encircle the heart in the manner of a crown.

CADASIL
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.

Cadaver

Cadaver wart
A warty growth on the hand due to tuberculosis, typically of someone doing postmortem examinations. A cadaver with unsuspected tuberculosis was once a major hazard for pathologists and others in the autopsy room. Cadaver warts were among the least of the dangers.

Cadmium
A metallic element whose salts are toxic and cause cancer.

Caduceus
1. A rod with two snakes entwined about it topped by a pair of wings. 2. An insignia of a caduceus meant, mistakenly, to symbolize a physician.

Caecal
Pertaining to the caecum (also spelled cecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.

Caecum
The caecum (also spelled cecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.

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