CA 27-29 A tumor marker similar to the CA 15–3 that is found in the blood of most breast cancer patients. CA 27–29 levels may be used in conjunction with other procedures (such as mammograms and measurements of other tumor marker levels) to check for recurrence in women previously treated for stage II and stage III breast cancer.
Overgrowth of tissue.
The life-maintaining fluid which is made up of plasma, red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes), and platelets; blood circulates through the body's heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries; it carries away waste matter and carbon dioxide, and brings nourishment, electrolytes, hormones, vitamins, antibodies, heat, and oxygen to the tissues.
The breast refers to the front of the chest or, more specifically, to the mammary gland. The mammary gland is a milk producing gland. It is composed largely of fat. Within the mammary gland is a complex network of branching ducts. These ducts exit from sac-like structures called lobules, which can produce milk in females. The ducts exit the breast at the nipple.
Any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream.
The return of symptoms or the tumor itself, as opposed to a remission.
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C7 (cervical vertebra)
C7 is the symbol for the 7th cervical (neck) vertebral bone (C7) which is sometimes called the prominent vertebra due to the length of its spinous process (the projection off the back of the vertebral body).
1.The symbol for calcium. 2. Short (and slang) for cancer and carcinoma. 3. Abbreviation for cardiac arrest; chronological age; coronary artery. 4. Abbreviation for circa, meaning about or approximately, as in ca. 1 mg.
A cancer marker, a protein normally made by certain cells in the body including those of the uterine tubes, uterus, cervix, and the lining of the chest and abdominal cavities (the peritoneum and pleura). CA 125 stands for cancer antigen 125.
A tumor marker most useful in following the course of treatment in women diagnosed with breast cancer, especially advanced breast cancer. CA 15–3 levels are rarely elevated in women with early stage breast cancer.
A tumor marker initially found in colorectal cancer patients, but subsequently also identified in patients with pancreatic, stomach, and bile duct cancer. In those who have pancreatic cancer, higher levels of CA 19–9 tend to be associated with more advanced disease. Noncancerous conditions that may elevate CA 19–9 levels include gallstones, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, and cholecystitis.
Coronary artery bypass graft; and Coronary artery bypass grafting.
Having cachexia, physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to disease. Patients with advanced cancer, AIDS, and some other major chronic progressive diseases may appear cachectic.
Common misspelling of cachectic.
Coronary artery disease. CAD is a major cause of illness and death. It begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery. These arteries arise from the aorta adjacent to the heart and supply the heart muscle with blood that is rich in oxygen. They are called the coronary arteries because they encircle the heart in the manner of a crown.
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.
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