CADASIL
Health dictionary
Untitled Document
Search :      

Art dictionary
Financial dictionary
Hollywood dictionary
Insurance dictionary
Literature dictionary
Real Estate dictionary
Tourism dictionary

 
  CADASIL



CADASIL

   Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.

RELATED TERMS
--------------------------------------

Cerebral
Referring to the cerebrum.

Autosomal
"Pertaining to a chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; relating to any one of the chromosomes save the sex chromosomes. People normally have 22 pairs of autosomes (44 autosomes) in each cell together with two sex chromosomes (X and Y in the male and XX in the female). "

Dominant
A genetic trait is considered dominant if it is expressed in a person who has only one copy of that gene. (In genetic terms, a dominant trait is one that is phenotypically expressed in heterozygotes). A dominant trait is opposed to a recessive trait which is expressed only when two copies of the gene are present. (In genetic terms, a recessive trait is one that is phenotypically expressed only in homozygotes).

Vascular
Pertaining to blood vessels.

Dementia
The loss, usually progressive, of cognitive and intellectual functions, without impairment of perception or consciousness; caused by a variety of disorders, most commonly structural brain disease. Characterized by disorientation, impaired memory, impaired judgment and lowered intellect.

Headaches
Pain in the cranial region that may occur as an isolated and benign symptom or as a manifestation of a wide variety of conditions including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; and other disorders. In general, recurrent headaches that are not associated with a primary disease process are referred to as HEADACHE DISORDERS (e.g., MIGRAINE).

Psychiatric
Pertaining to the medical specialty that deals with mental disorder.

CADASIL
Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.

Mutation
A change in DNA that alters a gene and thus the gene's product, leading in some cases to deformity or disease. Mutations can occur spontaneously during cell division or can be triggered by environmental stresses, such as sunlight, radiation, and chemicals.

Gene
1. A unit of DNA that carries information for the biosynthesis of a specific product in the cell. 2. Ultimate unit by which inheritable characteristics are transmitted to succeeding generations in all living organisms. Genes are contained by, and arranged along the length of, the chromosome. The gene is composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Each chromosome of each species has a definite number and arrangement of genes, which govern both the structure and metabolic functions of the cells and thus of the entire organism.

Chromosome
A structural unit within a eukaryotic nucleus that carries genes. A chromosome consists of a long, continuous strand of DNA and associated proteins.

Hereditary
Transmitted from parent to offspring; derived from ancestry.



SIMILAR TERMS
--------------------------------------

Cadaver
A dead human body that may be used by physicians and other scientists to study anatomy, identify disease sites, determine causes of death, and provide tissue to repair a defect in a living human being. Students in medical schools study and dissect cadavers as part of their education.

Cadaver wart
A warty growth on the hand due to tuberculosis, typically of someone doing postmortem examinations. A cadaver with unsuspected tuberculosis was once a major hazard for pathologists and others in the autopsy room. Cadaver warts were among the least of the dangers.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
--------------------------------------

CA 27-29
A tumor marker similar to the CA 153 that is found in the blood of most breast cancer patients. CA 2729 levels may be used in conjunction with other procedures (such as mammograms and measurements of other tumor marker levels) to check for recurrence in women previously treated for stage II and stage III breast cancer.

CABG
Coronary artery bypass graft; and Coronary artery bypass grafting.

Cachectic
Having cachexia, physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to disease. Patients with advanced cancer, AIDS, and some other major chronic progressive diseases may appear cachectic.

Cachetic
Common misspelling of cachectic.

CAD
Coronary artery disease. CAD is a major cause of illness and death. It begins when hard cholesterol substances (plaques) are deposited within a coronary artery. These arteries arise from the aorta adjacent to the heart and supply the heart muscle with blood that is rich in oxygen. They are called the coronary arteries because they encircle the heart in the manner of a crown.

CADASIL

Cadaver
A dead human body that may be used by physicians and other scientists to study anatomy, identify disease sites, determine causes of death, and provide tissue to repair a defect in a living human being. Students in medical schools study and dissect cadavers as part of their education.

Cadaver wart
A warty growth on the hand due to tuberculosis, typically of someone doing postmortem examinations. A cadaver with unsuspected tuberculosis was once a major hazard for pathologists and others in the autopsy room. Cadaver warts were among the least of the dangers.

Cadmium
A metallic element whose salts are toxic and cause cancer.

Caduceus
1. A rod with two snakes entwined about it topped by a pair of wings. 2. An insignia of a caduceus meant, mistakenly, to symbolize a physician.

Caecal
Pertaining to the caecum (also spelled cecum), the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.

   We thank you for using the Health Dictionary to search for CADASIL. If you have a better definition for CADASIL than the one presented here, please let us know by making use of the suggest a term option. This definition of CADASIL may be disputed by other professionals. Our attempt is to provide easy definitions on CADASIL and any other medical topic for the public at large.
 
This dictionary contains 59020 terms.      









  
                    © Health Dictionary 2005 - All rights reserved -

   adasil / cdasil / caasil / cadsil / cadail / cadasl / cadasi / ccadasil / caadasil / caddasil / cadaasil / cadassil / cadasiil / cadasill / xadasil / sadasil / dadasil / fadasil / vadasil / adasil / cqdasil / cwdasil / csdasil / cxdasil / czdasil / caeasil / carasil / cafasil / cavasil / cacasil / caxasil / casasil / cawasil / cadqsil / cadwsil / cadssil / cadxsil / cadzsil / cadawil / cadaeil / cadadil / cadaxil / cadazil / cadaail / cadaqil / cadasl / cadasio / cadasip / cadasi; / cadasi. / cadasi, / cadasik / cadasii /