C2 (cervical vertebra)
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  C2 (cervical vertebra)



C2 (cervical vertebra)

   C2 is the symbol for the second cervical vertebra, which is also called the axis. It is so-named because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the odontoid process of the second cervical vertebra. The joint between the axis and atlas is a pivot type of joint. It allows the head turn.

RELATED TERMS
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Cervical
Having to do with the neck (cervical spine) or the cervix of the uterus.

Axis
"The axis is the second cervical vertebra (symbol: C2). It is called the ""axis"" because the uppermost cervical vertebra (called the atlas) rotates about the odontoid process of C2. The joint between the axis and atlas is a pivot type of joint. It allows the head turn."

Joint
Where the ends of two or more bones meet.

Atlas
The atlas is the first cervical (neck) vertebra (symbol: C1). It supports the head. The atlas bone is named for the Greek god Atlas who was condemned to support the earth and its heavens on his shoulders. (Because the god Atlas often adorned maps, a compilation of maps came to be known as an atlas).



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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C elegans
Caenorhabditis elegans, a roundworm.

C elegans genome
All of the genetic information contained in the roundworm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans).

C welchii
Clostridium welchii.

C1 (cervical vertebra)
C1 is the first cervical (neck) vertebra which is called the atlas. It supports the head.

C1-C7 (cervical vertebrae)
C1 through C7 are the symbols for the cervical (neck) vertebrae, the upper 7 vertebrae in the spinal column (the vertebral column).

C2 (cervical vertebra)

C3 (cervical vertebra)
The third cervical (neck) vertebra from the top.

C4 (cervical vertebra)
The fourth cervical (neck) vertebra from the top.

C5 (cervical vertebra)
The fifth cervical (neck) vertebra from the top.

C6 (cervical vertebra)
The sixth cervical (neck) vertebra from the top. The next-to-last of the seven cervical vertebrae.

C7 (cervical vertebra)
C7 is the symbol for the 7th cervical (neck) vertebral bone (C7) which is sometimes called the prominent vertebra due to the length of its spinous process (the projection off the back of the vertebral body).

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