Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
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  Bronchopulmonary dysplasia



Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

   A chronic lung disease of babies, which most commonly develops in the first 4 weeks after birth and most often affects babies born at least 4 weeks before term. The lungs do not work properly in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and the baby has trouble breathing, needs extra oxygen, and may need help from a ventilator (breathing machine).

RELATED TERMS
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Chronic
Ongoing or recurring. Chronic medical conditions include diabetes, epilepsy, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Affects
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.

Lungs
The main respiratory organs in the chest where blood is oxygenated.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

Dysplasia
An abnormality of growth.

Breathing
The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through the mouth or nose due to muscle contraction, and then exhaled due to muscle relaxation.

Oxygen
A chemical element essential for sustaining life.

Ventilator
A machine used to help a person breathe. Also called a respirator, a ventilator can assist with breathing or breathe entirely for a patient.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bronchi
The two respiratory tubes branching into the two lungs at the lower end of the trachea. They branch into progressively smaller passageways, the bronchioles, and finally reach the alveoli, the location where gas exchange occurs.

Bronchiectasis
Dilatation of bronchi. The noun form is ectasia.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchiolitis
An infection of the bronchioles, the tiny air tubes in the lungs.

Bronchitis
An inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes, causing a persistent cough that produces considerable quantities of sputum (phlegm).

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

Broncho saline
Broncho saline is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sodium chloride.

Bronchodilators
A group of drugs that widen the airways in the lungs.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

Bronchopulmonary segments
A subdivision of one lobe of a lung based on the connection to the segmental bronchus. For example, the right upper lobe has apical, anterior, and posterior segments.

Bronchoscope
A thin, flexible instrument used to view the air passages of the lung.

Bronchoscopy
A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube.

Bronchospasm
Contraction of the muscle in the walls of the bronchi.

Bronchospasm, exercise-induced
Also called exercise-induced asthma, this is asthma that is triggered by vigorous physical activity. Exercise-induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity) but can occur at any age.

Bronchus
Any of the larger air passages that connect the trachea to the lungs.

Bronitin mist
Bronitin mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine bitartrate.

Bronkaid mist
Bronkaid mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine.

Bronkodyl
Bronkodyl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): theophylline.

Bronkometer
Bronkometer is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine mesylate.

Bronkosol
Bronkosol is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine hydrochloride.

Bronson Healthcare Group
Bronson Healthcare Group is a hospital in Kalamazoo, Michigan (USA).

Brontophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of thunder that causes undue anxiety even though sufferers realize that thunder itself poses no threat to them. When outdoors during a thunderstorm, they may suffer excessive anxiety. When indoors, they may hide under beds or desks, behind sofas, or in closets.

Bronze diabetes
A disorder of iron metabolism resulting in iron pigment deposits in the skin and other body tissues that causes a change in skin color.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bromobenzylcyanide
"A riot control agent or ""tear gas."""

Bromoderma
A skin eruption brought on by chronic exposure to bromine. Essentially an allergic reaction to bromine. There are diverse sources of bromine exposure including brominated vegetable oil, a commonly used emulsifier and flavor carrier in food products. Bromoderma is a form of bromism.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

Bronchopulmonary segments
A subdivision of one lobe of a lung based on the connection to the segmental bronchus. For example, the right upper lobe has apical, anterior, and posterior segments.

Bronchoscope
A thin, flexible instrument used to view the air passages of the lung.

Bronchoscopy
A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube.

Bronchospasm, exercise-induced
Also called exercise-induced asthma, this is asthma that is triggered by vigorous physical activity. Exercise-induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity) but can occur at any age.

Brontophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of thunder that causes undue anxiety even though sufferers realize that thunder itself poses no threat to them. When outdoors during a thunderstorm, they may suffer excessive anxiety. When indoors, they may hide under beds or desks, behind sofas, or in closets.

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