Bronchitis
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  Bronchitis



Bronchitis

    An inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes, causing a persistent cough that produces considerable quantities of sputum (phlegm).

RELATED TERMS
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Inflammation
A reaction to an injury to the body - by infection, chemicals or physical agents. The symptoms can be - depending on the location of the injury- redness, swelling, heat and pain. The purpose of the inflammation is to dilute and destroy the agent causing the inflammation. To do this, the immune system starts a cascade of actions that causes active cells to gather at the affected location. It is these cells and fluids that cause the redness, swelling, heat and pain.

Mucous
Adj. Relating to or resembling mucus.

Membranes
Also know as the bag of waters, this thin sac contains the amniotic fluid and the fetus. The membranes will either rupture spontaneously during labor or be ruptured to speed up labor.

Cough
A rapid expulsion of air from the lungs typically in order to clear the lung airways of fluids, mucus, or material.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bronchi
The two respiratory tubes branching into the two lungs at the lower end of the trachea. They branch into progressively smaller passageways, the bronchioles, and finally reach the alveoli, the location where gas exchange occurs.

Bronchiectasis
Dilatation of bronchi. The noun form is ectasia.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchiolitis
An infection of the bronchioles, the tiny air tubes in the lungs.

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

Broncho saline
Broncho saline is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sodium chloride.

Bronchodilators
A group of drugs that widen the airways in the lungs.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
A chronic lung disease of babies, which most commonly develops in the first 4 weeks after birth and most often affects babies born at least 4 weeks before term. The lungs do not work properly in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and the baby has trouble breathing, needs extra oxygen, and may need help from a ventilator (breathing machine).

Bronchopulmonary segments
A subdivision of one lobe of a lung based on the connection to the segmental bronchus. For example, the right upper lobe has apical, anterior, and posterior segments.

Bronchoscope
A thin, flexible instrument used to view the air passages of the lung.

Bronchoscopy
A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube.

Bronchospasm
Contraction of the muscle in the walls of the bronchi.

Bronchospasm, exercise-induced
Also called exercise-induced asthma, this is asthma that is triggered by vigorous physical activity. Exercise-induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity) but can occur at any age.

Bronchus
Any of the larger air passages that connect the trachea to the lungs.

Bronitin mist
Bronitin mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine bitartrate.

Bronkaid mist
Bronkaid mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine.

Bronkodyl
Bronkodyl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): theophylline.

Bronkometer
Bronkometer is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine mesylate.

Bronkosol
Bronkosol is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine hydrochloride.

Bronson Healthcare Group
Bronson Healthcare Group is a hospital in Kalamazoo, Michigan (USA).

Brontophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of thunder that causes undue anxiety even though sufferers realize that thunder itself poses no threat to them. When outdoors during a thunderstorm, they may suffer excessive anxiety. When indoors, they may hide under beds or desks, behind sofas, or in closets.

Bronze diabetes
A disorder of iron metabolism resulting in iron pigment deposits in the skin and other body tissues that causes a change in skin color.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bowel prep
The process used to clean the colon with enemas and a special drink. Used before surgery of the colon, colonoscopy, or barium x-ray. See also lavage.

Brady
Suffix meaning slow.

Bradycardia
Abnormally slow heartbeat.

Braxton Hicks contractions
Relatively brief, painless contractions of the uterus that may begin during the second half of pregnancy.

Breast self-examination (BSE)
Routine, monthly examination of the breasts.

Bronchitis

Bronchodilators
A group of drugs that widen the airways in the lungs.

Bronchus
Any of the larger air passages that connect the trachea to the lungs.

Bulking agents
Laxatives that make bowel movements soft and easy to pass.

Bundle-branch block
A condition in which the heart's electrical system is unable to normally conduct the electrical signal.

Bunion
An inflammation and thickening of the bursa in the joint of the big toe.

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