Bronchiolitis
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  Bronchiolitis



Bronchiolitis

   An infection of the bronchioles, the tiny air tubes in the lungs.

RELATED TERMS
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Infection
Anything that invades the body and reproduces. Infections can be bacteria, protozoa, fungi, or viruses. Bacteria and fungi are one celled creatures that cause many infections including strep throat, bladder infections, and some lung infections. Fungi cause “athlete’s foot” and thrush, an infection in the mouth. Protozoa are small organisms with many cells that can cause infections in the guts or in the lungs. Most healthy people do not get protozoal infections, but people with suppressed immune systems can. Viruses are not really organisms; they are tiny particles that can live only inside another cell. They reproduce by taking over a cell and causing that cell to make more virus particles, rather than doing what the cell is supposed to do. Viruses cause most colds and flu cases.

Lungs
The main respiratory organs in the chest where blood is oxygenated.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bronchi
The two respiratory tubes branching into the two lungs at the lower end of the trachea. They branch into progressively smaller passageways, the bronchioles, and finally reach the alveoli, the location where gas exchange occurs.

Bronchiectasis
Dilatation of bronchi. The noun form is ectasia.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchitis
An inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes, causing a persistent cough that produces considerable quantities of sputum (phlegm).

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

Broncho saline
Broncho saline is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sodium chloride.

Bronchodilators
A group of drugs that widen the airways in the lungs.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
A chronic lung disease of babies, which most commonly develops in the first 4 weeks after birth and most often affects babies born at least 4 weeks before term. The lungs do not work properly in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and the baby has trouble breathing, needs extra oxygen, and may need help from a ventilator (breathing machine).

Bronchopulmonary segments
A subdivision of one lobe of a lung based on the connection to the segmental bronchus. For example, the right upper lobe has apical, anterior, and posterior segments.

Bronchoscope
A thin, flexible instrument used to view the air passages of the lung.

Bronchoscopy
A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube.

Bronchospasm
Contraction of the muscle in the walls of the bronchi.

Bronchospasm, exercise-induced
Also called exercise-induced asthma, this is asthma that is triggered by vigorous physical activity. Exercise-induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity) but can occur at any age.

Bronchus
Any of the larger air passages that connect the trachea to the lungs.

Bronitin mist
Bronitin mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine bitartrate.

Bronkaid mist
Bronkaid mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine.

Bronkodyl
Bronkodyl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): theophylline.

Bronkometer
Bronkometer is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine mesylate.

Bronkosol
Bronkosol is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine hydrochloride.

Bronson Healthcare Group
Bronson Healthcare Group is a hospital in Kalamazoo, Michigan (USA).

Brontophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of thunder that causes undue anxiety even though sufferers realize that thunder itself poses no threat to them. When outdoors during a thunderstorm, they may suffer excessive anxiety. When indoors, they may hide under beds or desks, behind sofas, or in closets.

Bronze diabetes
A disorder of iron metabolism resulting in iron pigment deposits in the skin and other body tissues that causes a change in skin color.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Botulism
An extremely dangerous form of food poisoning caused by the toxin of Clostridium botulinum.

Bovine
Having to do with cattle. For example, bovine insulin is insulin obtained from cattle.

Bowleg
A deformity of the legs in which the space between the knees is greater than normal.

Brace
A device used to support a body part, correct or prevent deformities, or control movement.

Breech birth
A birth in which the feet or buttocks of the baby appear first through the birth canal.

Bronchiolitis

Bronchospasm
Contraction of the muscle in the walls of the bronchi.

Bronze diabetes
A disorder of iron metabolism resulting in iron pigment deposits in the skin and other body tissues that causes a change in skin color.

Bubo
A swollen, infected lymph node (especially in the groin). The node may enlarge enough that it begins to drain through the skin.

Brain stem evoked response
A test for evaluating hearing loss in certain circumstances.˙ Electrodes attached to the skull monitor the brain?s response to sound.

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