Bronchiectasis
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  Bronchiectasis



Bronchiectasis

    Dilatation of bronchi. The noun form is ectasia.

RELATED TERMS
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Dilatation
The increase in size of a blood vessel.

Bronchi
The two respiratory tubes branching into the two lungs at the lower end of the trachea. They branch into progressively smaller passageways, the bronchioles, and finally reach the alveoli, the location where gas exchange occurs.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bronchi
The two respiratory tubes branching into the two lungs at the lower end of the trachea. They branch into progressively smaller passageways, the bronchioles, and finally reach the alveoli, the location where gas exchange occurs.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchiolitis
An infection of the bronchioles, the tiny air tubes in the lungs.

Bronchitis
An inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchial tubes, causing a persistent cough that produces considerable quantities of sputum (phlegm).

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

Broncho saline
Broncho saline is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sodium chloride.

Bronchodilators
A group of drugs that widen the airways in the lungs.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
A chronic lung disease of babies, which most commonly develops in the first 4 weeks after birth and most often affects babies born at least 4 weeks before term. The lungs do not work properly in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and the baby has trouble breathing, needs extra oxygen, and may need help from a ventilator (breathing machine).

Bronchopulmonary segments
A subdivision of one lobe of a lung based on the connection to the segmental bronchus. For example, the right upper lobe has apical, anterior, and posterior segments.

Bronchoscope
A thin, flexible instrument used to view the air passages of the lung.

Bronchoscopy
A procedure that permits the doctor to see the breathing passages through a lighted tube.

Bronchospasm
Contraction of the muscle in the walls of the bronchi.

Bronchospasm, exercise-induced
Also called exercise-induced asthma, this is asthma that is triggered by vigorous physical activity. Exercise-induced asthma tends particularly to affect children and young adults (because of their high level of physical activity) but can occur at any age.

Bronchus
Any of the larger air passages that connect the trachea to the lungs.

Bronitin mist
Bronitin mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine bitartrate.

Bronkaid mist
Bronkaid mist is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): epinephrine.

Bronkodyl
Bronkodyl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): theophylline.

Bronkometer
Bronkometer is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine mesylate.

Bronkosol
Bronkosol is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): isoetharine hydrochloride.

Bronson Healthcare Group
Bronson Healthcare Group is a hospital in Kalamazoo, Michigan (USA).

Brontophobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of thunder that causes undue anxiety even though sufferers realize that thunder itself poses no threat to them. When outdoors during a thunderstorm, they may suffer excessive anxiety. When indoors, they may hide under beds or desks, behind sofas, or in closets.

Bronze diabetes
A disorder of iron metabolism resulting in iron pigment deposits in the skin and other body tissues that causes a change in skin color.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bilateral
Affecting both sides.

Boss
A round eminence as found at the base of a horn.

Bosselated
Marked or covered with round eminences (bosses) resembling those found at the base of a horn.

Botryoid
Shaped like a bunch of grapes.

Bovine malignant catarrhal fever
Malignant catarrhal fever is an acute, highly fatal, viral, infectious disease of cattle and sheep , characterized by an erosive stomatitis, gastroenteritis and erosions of the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract.

Bronchiectasis

Bestiality
Zoophilia; sexual relations between a human being and an animal. See also paraphilia.

Beta-blocker
An agent that inhibits the action of beta-adrenergic receptors, which modulate cardiac functions, respiratory functions, and the dilation of blood vessels. Beta-blockers are of value in the treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, and migraine. In psychiatry, they have been used in the treatment of aggression and violence, anxiety-related tremors and lithium-induced tremors, neuroleptic-induced akathisia, social phobias, panic states, and alcohol withdrawal.

Bizarre delusion
A delusion that involves a phenomenon that the person's culture would regard as totally implausible.

Blocking
A sudden obstruction or interruption in spontaneous flow of thinking or speaking, perceived as an absence or deprivation of thought.

Blunted affect
An affect type that represents significant reduction in the intensity of emotional expression.

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