Bromism
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  Bromism



Bromism

   A disease caused by chronic exposure to bromine or one of its compounds. Bromism is characterized by mental dullness, memory loss, slurred speech, tremors, ataxia and muscular weakness, a transitory state resembling paranoid schizophrenia, and a skin eruption (bromoderma). Once a common problem, bromism was generally due to chronic ingestion of proprietary bromide preparations. Also called brominism.

RELATED TERMS
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Disease
Illness or sickness often characterized by typical patient problems (symptoms) and physical findings (signs). Disruption sequence: The events that occur when a fetus that is developing normally is subjected to a destructive agent such as the rubella (German measles) virus.

Chronic
Ongoing or recurring. Chronic medical conditions include diabetes, epilepsy, and chronic fatigue syndrome.

Bromism
A disease caused by chronic exposure to bromine or one of its compounds. Bromism is characterized by mental dullness, memory loss, slurred speech, tremors, ataxia and muscular weakness, a transitory state resembling paranoid schizophrenia, and a skin eruption (bromoderma). Once a common problem, bromism was generally due to chronic ingestion of proprietary bromide preparations. Also called brominism.

Memory
In the immune system, memory denotes an active state of immunity to a specific antigen, such that a second encounter with that antigen leads to a larger and more rapid response.

Ataxia
Ataxia is unsteady and clumsy motion of the limbs or trunk due to a failure of the fine coordination of muscle movements. The cerebellum is the center of the fine coordination of muscle movements, while the information emerging from it is carried to the muscles by the spinal cord and peripheral nerves, respectively. Therefore a disorder in either the spinal cord or in the peripheral nerves can cause ataxia.

Paranoid
Characterized by thinking that is delusional and, maybe, hallucinatory. It is incorrectly used as a synonym for suspicious.

Schizophrenia
Any of a group of psychotic disorders usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual disturbances. Schizophrenia is associated with dopamine imbalances in the brain and defects of the frontal lobe and is caused by genetic, other biological, and psychosocial factors. It is mainly treated by antipsychotic drugs which block Dopamine receptors such as Haloperidol.

Skin
Skin is an organ of the integumentary system; which is composed of a layer of tissues that protect underlying muscles and organs. Skin is used for insulation, vitamin D production, sensation, and excretion (through sweat).

Eruption
Process of teeth protruding through the gums

Ingestion
Taking food, water, or medicine into the body by mouth.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bromanate
Bromanate is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): brompheniramine maleate; phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride.

Bromanate dc
Bromanate dc is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): brompheniramine maleate; codeine phosphate; phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride.

Bromanate dm
Bromanate dm is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): brompheniramine maleate; dextromethorphan hydrobromide; pseudoephedrine hydrochloride.

Bromanyl
Bromanyl is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): bromodiphenhydramine hydrochloride; codeine phosphate.

Bromatapp
Bromatapp is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): brompheniramine maleate; phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride.

Bromazepam
A tranquilizer.

BroMenn Regional Medical Center
BroMenn Regional Medical Center is a hospital in Normal, Illinois (USA).

Bromfed-dm
Bromfed-dm is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): brompheniramine maleate; dextromethorphan hydrobromide; pseudoephedrine hydrochloride.

Bromley doctors
All doctors near Bromley, Great Britain. Doctors who can assist a patient in Bromley.

Bromobenzylcyanide
"A riot control agent or ""tear gas."""

Bromocriptine
An antiparkinsonian substance.

Bromocriptine mesylate
Bromocriptine mesylate is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): bromocriptine mesylate.

Bromoderma
A skin eruption brought on by chronic exposure to bromine. Essentially an allergic reaction to bromine. There are diverse sources of bromine exposure including brominated vegetable oil, a commonly used emulsifier and flavor carrier in food products. Bromoderma is a form of bromism.

Bromperidol
An antipsychotic medication.

Brompheniramine maleate
Brompheniramine maleate is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): brompheniramine maleate.

Brompheril
Brompheril is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): dexbrompheniramine maleate; pseudoephedrine sulfate.

Bromvalerylurea
A hypnotic substance.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Breech
The buttocks.

Breslow thickness
A method for determining the prognosis with melanoma. The thickness of a melanoma is related to the 5-year survival rate after surgical removal of the tumor.

Brill-Zinsser disease
Recrudescence of epidemic typhus years after the initial attack. The agent that causes epidemic typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii) remains viable for many years and then when host defenses are down, it is reactivated causing recurrent typhus. The disease is named for the physician Nathan Brill and the great bacteriologist Hans Zinsser.

Brittle bone disease
Osteogenesis imperfecta, not one but a group of genetic diseases, all of which affect collagen, a key component of connective tissue in tissues like bone, tendon and skin. All types of osteogenesis imperfecta result in fragile bones.

Broken hip
Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened by osteoporosis. The part of the hip most often broken is the greater trochanter of the femur.

Bromism

Bromobenzylcyanide
"A riot control agent or ""tear gas."""

Bromoderma
A skin eruption brought on by chronic exposure to bromine. Essentially an allergic reaction to bromine. There are diverse sources of bromine exposure including brominated vegetable oil, a commonly used emulsifier and flavor carrier in food products. Bromoderma is a form of bromism.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

Bronchopulmonary
Pertaining to both the air passages (bronchi) leading to the lungs and the lungs (pulmonary) themselves.

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