Broken hip
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  Broken hip



Broken hip

   Fractured bone in the hip, a key health problem among the elderly, usually due to a fall or other kind of trauma involving direct impact to the hip bone which has been weakened by osteoporosis. The part of the hip most often broken is the greater trochanter of the femur.

RELATED TERMS
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Bone
Bone refers either to a hardened connective tissue or to one of the individual structures, or organs, into which it is formed, found in many animals. Bones support body structures, protect internal organs, and (in conjunction with muscles) facilitate movement; are also involved with cell formation, calcium metabolism, and mineral storage. The bones of an animal are, collectively, known as the skeleton.

Hip
The region on each side of the pelvis made up of three sections: ilium, ischium, and pubis. The upper part of the femur (upper leg bone) fits into the hip via a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is a cup-shaped bone of the pelvis called the acetabulum and the ball is the head of the femur.

Health
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.

Elderly
A person 65 through 79 years of age. For a person older than 79 years, AGED, 80 AND OVER is available.

Trauma
Injury caused by external force, chemical, temperature extremes, or poor tooth alignment.

Osteoporosis
Break-down or disintegration of bone, resulting in diminished and porous bone mass. Osteoporosis can result from cancer (including breast cancer) that has spread to the bones), some cancer therapies, and estrogen deficiency (estrogen is an important participant in maintaining bone). Osteoporosis can cause pain, deformity (especially of the spine), pathologic fractures (fractures caused by weakened bone), or traumatic fractures (for example, wrist or hip fracture from a fall).

Femur
The thigh bone.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Broken Hill Base Hospital
The Broken Hill Base Hospital is a hospital in Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia.



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Breathing
The process of respiration, during which air is inhaled into the lungs through the mouth or nose due to muscle contraction, and then exhaled due to muscle relaxation.

Breech
The buttocks.

Breslow thickness
A method for determining the prognosis with melanoma. The thickness of a melanoma is related to the 5-year survival rate after surgical removal of the tumor.

Brill-Zinsser disease
Recrudescence of epidemic typhus years after the initial attack. The agent that causes epidemic typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii) remains viable for many years and then when host defenses are down, it is reactivated causing recurrent typhus. The disease is named for the physician Nathan Brill and the great bacteriologist Hans Zinsser.

Brittle bone disease
Osteogenesis imperfecta, not one but a group of genetic diseases, all of which affect collagen, a key component of connective tissue in tissues like bone, tendon and skin. All types of osteogenesis imperfecta result in fragile bones.

Broken hip

Bromism
A disease caused by chronic exposure to bromine or one of its compounds. Bromism is characterized by mental dullness, memory loss, slurred speech, tremors, ataxia and muscular weakness, a transitory state resembling paranoid schizophrenia, and a skin eruption (bromoderma). Once a common problem, bromism was generally due to chronic ingestion of proprietary bromide preparations. Also called brominism.

Bromobenzylcyanide
"A riot control agent or ""tear gas."""

Bromoderma
A skin eruption brought on by chronic exposure to bromine. Essentially an allergic reaction to bromine. There are diverse sources of bromine exposure including brominated vegetable oil, a commonly used emulsifier and flavor carrier in food products. Bromoderma is a form of bromism.

Bronchiole
A tiny tube in the air conduit system within the lungs that is a continuation of the bronchi and connects to the alveoli (the air sacs) where oxygen exchange occurs. Bronchiole is the diminutive of bronchus, from the word bronchos by which the Greeks referred to the conduits to the lungs.

Bronchitis, chronic
Defined clinically as a daily cough with production of sputum for 3 months, two years in a row.

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