Bacterium
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  Bacterium



Bacterium

   The singular of bacteria.

RELATED TERMS
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Bacteria
Single-celled microorganisms which can exist either as independent (free-living) organisms or as parasites (dependent upon another organism for life).



SIMILAR TERMS
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Bacteremia
The presence of bacteria in the blood.

Bacteria
Single-celled microorganisms which can exist either as independent (free-living) organisms or as parasites (dependent upon another organism for life).

Bacterial
Of or pertaining to bacteria. For example, a bacterial lung infection.

Bacterial prostatitis, acute
Inflammation of the prostate gland of sudden (acute) onset due to bacterial infection. The symptoms include chills, fever, pain in the lower back and genital area, body aches, burning or painful urination, and the frequent and urgent need to urinate. The urinary tract is infected, as evidenced by the presence of the white blood cells and bacteria in the urine. Treatment is with antibiotics. The prostate, a small organ about the size of a walnut, is below the bladder (where urine is stored) and surrounds the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder). The prostate normally produces a fluid that becomes part of the semen.

Bacterial prostatitis, chronic
Longstanding bacterial infection of the prostate gland superimposed on a defect in the prostate. (The prostate is a small organ below the bladder which surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine down from the bladder.) The symptoms can include low back pain, discomfort in the perineum (the area between the anus and the genitalia), testicular pain and, if the infection spreads to the bladder, mild pain or burning on urination (dysuria) and frequent and urgent need to urinate (frequency and urgency). The presence of white blood cells and bacteria in the urine attests to the fact that the urinary tract is infected with bacteria. The defect in the prostate is the focal point for the persistent infection. Effective treatment requires identification and correction of this defect before antibiotics can be effective.

Bacterial vaginosis
Very common vaginal infection characterized by symptoms such as increased vaginal discharge or itching, burning, or redness in the genital area.

Bacteriaphobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of germs. Sufferers from bacteriaphobia experience undue anxiety even though they realize that most germs are not pathogens (disease-causing germs). To avoid germs, they may repeat cleaning rituals, such as washing their hands or face. (Surgeons may do well to have a mild degree of bacteriaphobia.)

Bacteriocidal
Capable of killing bacteria. Antibiotics, antiseptics, and disinfectants can be bactericidal.

Bacteriology
The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture (e.g., farm animals) and industry. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms which can live as independent organisms or, dependently, as parasites. Among the better known bacteria are strep, staph, and the agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

Bacteriophage
See: Phage.

Bacteriostatic
Able to inhibit the growth and reproduction of at least some types of bacteria.

Bacteriostatic sodium chloride 0.9 per cent in plastic container
Bacteriostatic sodium chloride 0.9 per cent in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sodium chloride.

Bacteriostatic water for injection in plastic container
Bacteriostatic water for injection in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): water for injection, sterile.

Bacteriuria
The presence of bacteria in the urine.

Bactocill
Bactocill is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): oxacillin sodium.

Bactocill in plastic container
Bactocill in plastic container is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): oxacillin sodium.

Bactrim
Bactrim is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sulfamethoxazole; trimethoprim.

Bactrim ds
Bactrim ds is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sulfamethoxazole; trimethoprim.

Bactrim pediatric
Bactrim pediatric is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): sulfamethoxazole; trimethoprim.

Bactroban
Bactroban is a prescription or over-the-counter drug which is (or once was) legal in the United States and possibly in other countries. Active ingredient(s): mupirocin.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Bacterial prostatitis, chronic
Longstanding bacterial infection of the prostate gland superimposed on a defect in the prostate. (The prostate is a small organ below the bladder which surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine down from the bladder.) The symptoms can include low back pain, discomfort in the perineum (the area between the anus and the genitalia), testicular pain and, if the infection spreads to the bladder, mild pain or burning on urination (dysuria) and frequent and urgent need to urinate (frequency and urgency). The presence of white blood cells and bacteria in the urine attests to the fact that the urinary tract is infected with bacteria. The defect in the prostate is the focal point for the persistent infection. Effective treatment requires identification and correction of this defect before antibiotics can be effective.

Bacteriaphobia
An abnormal and persistent fear of germs. Sufferers from bacteriaphobia experience undue anxiety even though they realize that most germs are not pathogens (disease-causing germs). To avoid germs, they may repeat cleaning rituals, such as washing their hands or face. (Surgeons may do well to have a mild degree of bacteriaphobia.)

Bacteriocidal
Capable of killing bacteria. Antibiotics, antiseptics, and disinfectants can be bactericidal.

Bacteriology
The science and study of bacteria and their relation to medicine and to other areas such as agriculture (e.g., farm animals) and industry. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms which can live as independent organisms or, dependently, as parasites. Among the better known bacteria are strep, staph, and the agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

Bacteriophage
See: Phage.

Bacterium

Bad air
"Any air considered noxious. Today, air filled with tobacco smoke might be considered ""bad air."" So might air contaminated by the emissions of power plants. In the past, bad air was termed a miasma, a poisonous vapor or mist believed to be made up of particles from decomposing material which could cause disease and which could be identified by its foul smell. See: Miasma."

BAEP (brainstem auditory evoked potentials)
See: ABR test.

Bag, air
Popular name for the amniotic sac together with the amniotic fluid within it. The amniotic sac is formed by the amnion within the uterus and encloses the fetus. This sac bursts normally during the birthing process, releasing the amniotic fluid. Also known as the amniotic sac.

Baker cyst
A swelling in the space behind the knee (the popliteal space) composed of a membrane-lined sac filled with synovial fluid that has escaped from the joint. Named after the British surgeon William Morrant Baker (1839-1896). Also called a synovial cyst of the popliteal space.

Balance
A biological system that enables us to know where our bodies are in the environment and to maintain a desired position. Normal balance depends on information from the inner ear, other senses (such as sight and touch) and muscle movement.

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