Anophthalmia
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  Anophthalmia



Anophthalmia

   Absence of the eye, as a result of a congenital malformation (birth defect) of the globe. Anophthalmia refers, strictly speaking, to absence of the globe and ocular tissue from the orbit. However, in most cases of anophthalmia, CT scans show some remnants of the globe, indicating they represent severe microphthalmia (small eyes).

RELATED TERMS
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Eye
The organ of sight. The eye has a number of components. These components include but are not limited to the cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, macula, optic nerve, choroid and vitreous.

Congenital
Present at birth.

Malformation
Abnormal or anomalous formation or structure; deformity.

Anophthalmia
Absence of the eye, as a result of a congenital malformation (birth defect) of the globe. Anophthalmia refers, strictly speaking, to absence of the globe and ocular tissue from the orbit. However, in most cases of anophthalmia, CT scans show some remnants of the globe, indicating they represent severe microphthalmia (small eyes).

Ocular
Having to do with the eye.

Tissue
Biological tissue is a group of cells that perform a similar function.The study of tissues is known as histology, or, in connection with disease, histopathology.The classical tools for studying the tissues are the wax block, the tissue stain, and the optical microscope, though developments in electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and frozen sections have all added to the sum of knowledge in the last couple of decades.

Orbit
The bony cavity containing the eyeball. Eye socket.



SIMILAR TERMS
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PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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Anomaly, Klippel-Feil
See: Klippel-Feil sequence.

Anomia
A problem with word finding. Impaired recall of words with no impairment of comprehension or the capacity to repeat the words.

Anonymize
Or anonymise. To remove the name. To make nameless.

Anonymous reporting
In public health, anonymous reporting permits the acquisition of certain data such as the proportion of persons with a positive test or with a disease.

Anonymous testing
Testing in which no name is used - there is total anonymity - to identify the person tested. For example, the State of Florida requires that each county have a site for anonymous HIV testing.

Anophthalmia

Anorexia, cancer
See: Cancer anorexia.

Anorexic
1. Pertaining to anorexia, lack of appetite. 2. A drug or other agent that causes anorexia and so diminishes the appetite.

Anorexigenic
Causing anorexia (loss of appetite) as, for example, an anorexigenic drug.

Anorgasmy
"Or anorgasmia. Failure of a male or female to achieve an orgasm (climax) during sexual intercourse. Anorgasmia is characterized by psychologists as a ""psychosexual dysfunction,"" a sexual maladjustment that is psychological or emotional in origin. Anorgasmia can result from a variety of problems, including stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, worry, guilt, fear of painful intercourse, fear of pregnancy, the undesirability of a partner, the undesirability of a setting, and use of alcohol or drugs. In women this problem is also referred to as ""frigidity,"" or female orgasmic dysfunction."

Anotia
"No ear. The term ""anotia"" usually refers to congenital (from birth) absence of the external ear, the auricle, the visible part of the ear."

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