Achilles tendon
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  Achilles tendon



Achilles tendon

   A tough sinew that attaches the calf muscle to the back of the heel bone. The Achilles tendon is one of the longest tendons in the body. It is also called the tendo Achilles or the tendo calcaneus, the calcaneus being the heel bone.

RELATED TERMS
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Sinew
A tendon or fibrous cord.

Calf
The belly or fleshy hind part of the leg below the knee.

Muscle
Tissue made up of bundles of long, slender cells that contract when stimulated.

Bone
Bone refers either to a hardened connective tissue or to one of the individual structures, or organs, into which it is formed, found in many animals. Bones support body structures, protect internal organs, and (in conjunction with muscles) facilitate movement; are also involved with cell formation, calcium metabolism, and mineral storage. The bones of an animal are, collectively, known as the skeleton.

Achilles
In Greek mythology, the hero who was thought to have some special medical knowledge. Achilles studied medicine with Chiron, the centaur, who invented it.

Tendon
Band of fibrous tissue by which muscle is attached to bone.

Calcaneus
The calcaneus is the heel bone. It is also called the os calcis. The calcaneus is a more or less rectangular bone at the back of the foot.



SIMILAR TERMS
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Achievement
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.

Achievements, Educational
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.

Achilles
In Greek mythology, the hero who was thought to have some special medical knowledge. Achilles studied medicine with Chiron, the centaur, who invented it.

Achilles tendonitis
Inflammation of the achilles tendon - causing swelling and tenderness at the lower end of the calf to the heel.

Achillobursitis
Pain due to inflammation of the bursa associated with the Achilles tendon. .

Achillodynia
Pain due to inflammation of the Achilles tendon or the bursa associated with it.

Achinsk doctors
All doctors near Achinsk, Russia. Doctors who can assist a patient in Achinsk.



PREVIOUS AND NEXT TERMS
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ACG2
Achondrogenesis type II.

ACh (acetylcholine)
Abbreviation for acetylcholine. See: Acetylcholine.

Achalasia
"A disease of the esophagus caused by the abnormal function of nerves and muscles of the esophagus that makes swallowing difficult. There may sometimes be chest pain. Regurgitation of undigested food can occur, as can coughing or breathing problems due to entry of food into the lungs. The underlying problems are weakness of the lower portion of the esophagus and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to open and allow passage of food. Achalasia may occur at any age but is predominantly a disease of young adults. Diagnosis is made by an X-ray, endoscopy, or esophageal manometry (to measure the pressure in the esophagus). Treatment includes medication, dilation (stretching) to widen the lower part of the esophagus, and surgery to open the lower esophagus. A fairly recent approach involves injecting medicines into the lower esophagus to relax the sphincter. The ""ch"" in achalasia is pronounced ""k"" as in ""ache"". The word achalasia comes from the Greek ""a-"", failure or absence + ""chalasis"", relaxation = a failure of relaxation, referring to failure of the lower sphincter muscle of the esophagus to relax."

AChE (acetylcholinesterase)
Abbreviation for acetylcholinesterase. See: Acetylcholinesterase.

Achilles
In Greek mythology, the hero who was thought to have some special medical knowledge. Achilles studied medicine with Chiron, the centaur, who invented it.

Achilles tendon

Achillobursitis
Pain due to inflammation of the bursa associated with the Achilles tendon. .

Achillodynia
Pain due to inflammation of the Achilles tendon or the bursa associated with it.

Achlorhydria
A lack of hydrochloric acid in the digestive juices in the stomach (in technical terms, so that the pH of the stomach contents fails to fall below 4.0 under maximal stimulation). Hydrochloric acid helps digest food.

Achondrogenesis
A genetic disorder of bonwe resulting in short-limbed dwarfism. There are a number of different types of achondrogenesis. See: Achondrogenesis type II.

Achondrogenesis type II
Severe inherited disorder of bone growth characterized by a short body and limbs and a lack of bone formation in the spine and pelvis.

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